USB Flash Drive

How to Recover Files from a Corrupted USB on Windows 10

9 min read

Reading Time: 9 minutesThe use of USB drives is so common, almost all of us own them. Quite a few of us even carry them around for quick document storage and transfer. Given how handy they are, we are quite likely to store data on them without backups. And this is exactly where our problems begin.

You are probably here because you need to recover information from a broken flash drive. Data loss can be rather scary, but we’re here to help you out. In this article, we will cover how to recover files from corrupted flash drives using the best methods for Windows 10.

Signs of Flash Drive Corruption

The chances your flash drive is corrupted increase with the frequency of usage. If you have been using your flash drive for a fairly long time, it is likely that you will experience drive corruption issues. Although it is a common problem for flash drives, most users do not know how to recognise corrupt flash drives.

Common signs of flash drive corruption are:

  • You see the flash drive in Windows Explorer, but you see a “drive not accessible” error when you try to open it
    drive not accessible error
  • Windows Explorer does not display the flash drive when you connect it to the computer
  • When you try to open the drive, Windows prompts you to format it before use
  • Files on the drive are missing, or you see other errors like “no media”, “RAW format”
    error message reading no media

Causes of Flash Drive Corruption

If you see the signs above, then your drive is quite likely corrupted. However, you can try to see if this is a possibility in your case. Ask yourself the following:

  1. Is the flash drive old or worn out?
  2. Have you had programs crash recently?
  3. Did you experience power failure while using the drive?
  4. Did you disconnect the USB without first ejecting it?
  5. Did your OS crash while the USB was connected to it?

If your answers to any of those questions were “yes”, then there is a good chance your drive is corrupted. Flash drives that are in constant use are often worn down, and their memory begins to fail. Even though recovery is possible for corrupted drives, it goes without saying that older, worn-out drives should be replaced soon.

How Do I recover Files from the Corrupted Flash Drive?

Data recovery from corrupted flash drives is still possible. There are several excellent data recovery tools and services that can help you retrieve your files and folders. Besides this, you can also try to recover your flash drive yourself. This might be a little trickier, but if you can work your way around computers, you will manage well.

Your computer may prompt you to format your corrupted flash drive! Do not do this, as you will lose all data on the drive with no chance of recovery.

Data Recovery Software

After testing many different services for data recovery on Windows, we highly recommend Disk Drill as the tool to recover data from corrupted drives with. We have intensively tested it and found it to be reliable, intuitive, and fair-priced. Although Disk Drill runs on a payment model, it also offers a free trial that allows you to recover up to 500MB of data.

Here’s how to recover your flash drive with Disk Drill:

  1. Download Disk Drill from their website. Install it with admin privileges and then launch it.
    Disk Drill setup screenshot
  2. When you are prompted to select a location, choose the corrupted USB that you want to recover.
    selecting the affected USB drive from disk drive
  3. Select the type of scan you want. Generally, running “All recovery methods” gives the best results. However, this can be time-intensive, hence the program offers limited options that are lighter and faster. The quick scan method might be best suited to flash drives, as they have smaller storage capacities, and you could recover your files rapidly.
    disk drill home page4. Click on Search for lost data to start scanning your USB.
    5. As the algorithms find more documents, the program will show your progress in a window. You can then pause the scan to look at which files have been found.
    disk drill scanning page6. Select the files to restore, and then select a suitable location for the program to save them. Ideally, choose a location that is not your flash drive to prevent further data loss.
    choosing files for recovery in disk drill

You can use the filter options to narrow down your file search. Also, you can pause the program at any point if you think your file has been found or you need to use the PC.

Your files should now be restored and ready to use!

Data Recovery Services

If you followed our instructions to recover data from your corrupted drive or used a data recovery software, quite likely your data is restored. However, if you might be uncomfortable with computers, or find data recovery stressful. There are also situations where the data recovery tool cannot recover your corrupted flash drive or misses the one file you desperately need. If this happens, it can be rather frustrating.

Data recovery services

Several data recovery tools are made by data recovery experts. These are professionals whose job is to retrieve your data for you. Why not rely on the people themselves, then?

Consider approaching a data recovery service to retrieve files from your corrupted USB. Usually, the recovery service begins with a free phone call and a quick cost evaluation. After the consultation, all you have to do is to ship the corrupted drive to the service provider. Their experts will try to clone the drive and recover corrupted flash drives. Although data recovery services are very reliable, they are also expensive. Only consider them if your data is very valuable to you.

We loved the service at Cleverfiles Data Recovery, they helped us with several data loss issues. They can recover corrupted flash drives 98% of the time and are highly secure. If all else has failed, the team will still do their best to recover your data as fast as possible. Best of all, if they cannot recover your data, they won’t charge you anything.

How to Fix Corrupted Flash Drives?

A corrupted drive can still be made usable. Why throw away something that can be repaired quite quickly and efficiently? If your drive is not physically damaged or worn out due to excessive use, you can try out our methods to repair it. Make sure to have recovered all the data you want before you proceed!

Method #1: Use CMD

Make sure you are familiar with the command prompt before you use this method. It is a powerful tool that can permanently make changes to your system, so make sure to follow the command precisely.

The following commands will fix your USB using the chkdsk function in the command prompt. Chkdsk basically scans your drive for errors and tries to fix them. This might take a long time but will protect your data on the corrupted flash drive.

Here’s how to fix corrupted USB using cmd:

    1. Click on the Search box and type “cmd”, then right-click it and click on Run as administrator.
    2. Note the drive letter of your USB. If it is G, Type in chkdsk G: /r and press Enter (Replace G with the drive letter of your USB.)

using CMD to fix a flash drive

Method #2: Assign a New Letter to the USB Drive

Check if your USB has a letter assigned to it. If it doesn’t or has an incorrect letter, you might need to change it. Here’s how:

    1. Press Windows key + X.
    2. Select Disk Management, and a window with drive details will open.
    3. Right-click on your USB drive and select Change Drive Letter and Paths.
    4. Click on the drive letter and select Change.
    5. Select a new letter, click on Ok, and then Done.

changing the drive letter from disk management

Method #3: Install New USB Drivers

Check if your USB has the right drivers associated with it. Using outdated drivers often creates software issues.

    1. Press Windows key + X.
    2. Select Device Manager, and navigate to Disk Drives.
    3. Find the corrupted USB, right-click on it and select Uninstall device.
    4. Unplug the USB and replug it into the computer.
    5. This will reinstall missing or broken drivers automatically.

installing USB drivers from device manager

Method #4: Use Diskpart

This method also uses the command line. Please familiarise yourself with the commands before proceeding.

  1. Click on the Search box and type “cmd”, then right-click it and click on Run as administrator
    running cmd as administrator
  2. Type diskpart and press Enter.
    accessing diskpart from cmd
  3. Type listdisk and press Enter. You will now see a list of the drives attached to your computer.
    listdisk in diskdrill
  4. Type select disk <the number of your disk> and press Enter. Make sure you select the right disk, else you might lose data permanently.
  5. Your USB should now be marked with an asterisk.
  6. Type clean and press Enter.
    clean command in diskdrill
  7. Type create partition primary and press Enter.
  8. Type active and press Enter.
  9. Type format fs=fat32 Quick and press Enter.

Here’s how it would look all together:
formatting usb using diskpart

Method #5: Use Other tools

If you are uncomfortable following these instructions to repair your corrupted USB, you can also use USB recovery tools. While most of these tools are paid software, they also have versions that are free tools to repair flash drives. On our team, the five most popular tools to repair flash drives were:

Acronis Disk Director

Acronis is a powerful tool that makes it very easy to manage all of your drives. While its main functions are useful for flash drives that are in perfect conditions, it can help you repair corrupted drives too. Besides cloning your flash drive to ensure that your files can be recovered, Acronis also has functions like volume recovery and formatting, that help recover data from flash drives corrupted by malware, power outages, or human errors.

Although Acronis is power-packed, most users will not have to use these features and can rely on the feature-restricted free trial. However, to unlock all of the features Acronis provides, you must buy the $49.99 license.

home page on Acronis Disk DirectorMiniTool Partition Wizard

A lightweight program that helps repair USBs while also providing you with data recovery, MiniTool is versatile and powerful, making it a favorite among users. Besides recovering data from corrupted flash drives, MiniTool also helps you scan your flash drive for errors and repair them in one go. Moreover, you can also queue multiple operations that help automate flash drive recovery and repair, saving you time.

While the license for MiniTool will cost you $39.00, there is a free version that takes care of all of the basic tasks.

home screen on MiniTool Partition WizardTestDisk

Among these commercial software tools, open-source software also thrives. A great open-source, and therefore, free-to-use tool is TestDisk. Don’t dismiss it because it is open-source, for it is powerful and helps recover flash drives in many different situations. This includes corrupted drives, drives affected by viruses, and those drives that are rendered useless by our fault.

It is available for free on Windows 10 and other OS.

screenshot of testdisk

PARAGON Hard Disk Manager

Paragon is among the most popular partition manager tools. It helps you reconfigure your disk operations and repair corrupted USB drives. It is packed with a lot of features that make it a useful tool for amateurs and professionals alike. Plus, it is extremely user-friendly and intuitive, which has rightfully earned it a large user base.

Part of Paragon’s features are free to use, but the full set requires you to buy the paid version for $49.95. If you buy the license in a group of more than 5, you will only pay the discounted price of $39.95 per license.

PARAGON Hard Disk ManagerAOMEI Partition Assistant

If you are uncomfortable using the command prompt to repair your drive, we suggest you consider AOMEI. While it is very similar to the rest of the tools in this section, it has a nifty trick up its sleeve. It has a great collection of wizards that guide you through even more advanced drive management tasks. You can quickly repair your corrupted flash drive by checking it for errors, which AOMEI helps you fix.

AOMEI’s free version gives you access to all common partition management tools. However, migrating free space and command line support requires you to buy the paid version for $39.95.

homepage of AOMEI Partition Assistant


Corrupted flash drives can be very frustrating. In this article, we covered a few methods of recovering data from corrupted USBs and repairing them so that they may be used again. We hope that you can retrieve data from your flash drive soon!